What is MRSA Infection: Introduction
Methicillin – Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteria or simply known as MRSA. But what is MRSA infection? These infections are caused by a strains of staphylococcus aureus which are highly resistant to methicillin antibiotics of the penicillin class. Two scenarios which may happen to the development of MRSA infection: first is the individual did not follow the proper antibiotics therapy and second he just got unlucky to acquire these type of bacteria.
What is MRSA Infection and How Does it Gets into Our Body Sytstem
MRSA infection are not that common however most prevalent cases are community acquired or CA-MRSA and hospital acquired or HA-MRSA. Despite its rareness people should still be cautious about acquiring the infection. Human’s body is composed of many portal of entries like the holes in your face, your reproductive and excretory organs and your skin. The superficial layer of the skin is the most typical part these bacteria will multiply. Skin breakage like cuts, pimples or boils which are exposed are prone to invasion of these opportunistic microorganisms. Therefore it is important for you to know what is MRSA infection in order to protect you and your loved ones from these stubborn strain of staphylococcus.
What is MRSA Infection and How Can It Be Transfered
Unlike other communicable diseases which needed a vector to spread their pestilence, unfortunately MRSA infection can be easily spread by means of the following:
Direct contact through droplet, airborne and skin to skin contact. When you are exposed to a person infected with MRSA and he accidentally sneezes without covering his mouth there are tiny particles of saliva carrying bacteria which you could acquire. Airborne infection happens in places with lots of people like subways, churches or market where free flowing bacteria is in the air. Skin to skin contact is when a person who has MRSA skin infection touches your skin.
Indirect contact happens when you had contact with an infected MRSA person’s soiled items like handkerchief, linens or tissues. Hospital workers are susceptible in acquiring the disease since its the nature of their job.
Since you already know what is MRSA infection and its mode of transportation, you should now be cautious by always sanitizing your hands and arms and if necessary bring a mask on when going to public places.
What is MRSA Infection: Signs and Symptoms
The key to preventing progress of the infection is early detection of signs and symptoms and having ample knowledge of what is MRSA infection.
- Redness or rashes may appear on the skin which is affected by MRSA.
- Absecess or Carbuncles which is accumulation of pus under the skin.
- Impetigo which is pus filled with blisters
- Boils which is pus filled infections found on hair follicles
- Cellulitis which is inflammation of tissues under the superficial layer of the skin usually starts with small red patches then it progresses to a bruise.
- Sty is seen on the eyelids which is infection of the sebacious glands.
- Other life threatening signs and symptoms includes chest pain, fluctuating blood pressure, extreme joint pain and difficulty in breathing
What is MRSA Infection: Treatment
Now that you understand what is MRSA infection and how does it acts in your body, it is important for you to know if what is MRSA infection treatment.
For the mild abscess a simple incision and drainage which is a procedure that can be done in an out patient. The physician or a nurse will create a small incision on the abscess enough to make a drainage then a syringe will aspirate the purulent secretions.
Antibiotic will still be an option for treatment to eradicate the bactrea like Vancomycin.